aptitude, package management.
aptitude is a package management tool with many useful features, including: a mutt-like syntax for easy searching packages, deferred execution requested by user action (like dselect), obtain and display a list of changes for most packages, and a command-line as apt-get.
Aptitude also occupies little space and ensures the purity of the system, removing unnecessary more helpers.
The package contains a version of aptitude with classic console interface (using curses). The GUI version can be found in the package aptitude-gtk.
information on commands
aptitude install: installing software, and building the necessary dependencies.
aptitude remove: remove packages, as well as separate dependencies.
aptitude purge: uninstall package and separate dependencies, as well as unnecessary configuration files.
aptitude search: search packages for local list apt.
aptitude update: update the local package list.
aptitude upgrade: update already installed packages on an updated list of packages.
aptitude clean: remove installation files.
aptitude dist-upgrade: upgrade available packages even if some of them will not be used for installation.
aptitude show: detailed information about the package.
aptitude autoclean: delete obsolete packages, but saves the current.
aptitude hold: fix bugs in the current version, but does not update it.
purge–remove packages and config files
unhold–Cancel the hold command for package
markauto–mark package that it was installed automatically
unmarkauto–mark package that you installed it manually
forbid even Forbid-version–specific update package version of aptitude.
Update-download the list of new/updated packages
safe-upgrade-Perform a safe upgrade
full-upgrade–Perform an upgrade, possibly installing and removing packages
forget-new–Forget what packages “new“
Search-search for the package by name and/or expression
Show-Show detailed information of a package
clean-Delete downloaded package files
AutoClean–remove old package files downloaded
changelog-see the changelog of package
Download-Download the .deb file for the package
Reinstall–download and (maybe) reinstalled the already installed package
-h This help text
-s to simulate the actions, but does not perform them really.
-d download only packages do not install and do not delete.
-P Always ask for confirmation or actions
–y Assume an answer ‘ yes ‘ to a simple yes/no question
-F format, specify the format of the search results are displayed; see Guide
-O order, specify the format of the search results sorting; see Guide
–w width set the width of the output
-f forces a correct broken packages.
-V display the version of the installed packages.
(D) show the dependencies automatically changing packages.
–Z size Show the installation of each suite.
–v Display additional information. (can be entered multiple times)
–t [release] set the Edition from which packages should be installed
–(q) do not display a progress indicator in the command line mode.
-o key = val option to manually set the configuration named ‘ key ‘
-with (out)-judges whether featured packages
interpreted as strict dependencies
-S fname Read extended status information about the aptitude of fname.
–u download the list of new packages when run.
-i run it at startup.