This manual is a tutorial, it is described in detail each step of installing the operating system DEBIAN, from the beginning of the installation before the first start-up.
To create a manual, I used screenshots (Screenshots) I have made when you install a free operating system DEBIAN 6 virtual machine VirtualBox.
on the official website DEBIAN have the opportunity to get a stable version of the distribution Debian GNU / Linux is freely distributed over the Internet.
The process of writing the downloaded image to describe here I will not go directly to the installation.
If you are interested, the details on how to write images to media here link expects editing
Before installation encouraged to review the system requirements DEBIAN
To install the system must be inserted into the optical drive image disk and restart the computer. When you restart your computer, you must enter the control menu settings BIOS. In this menu, you need to select the primary boot device, in this case it will be the optical drive. After making changes in order to boot from the device reboots the computer.
Follow the instructions on your computer screen, we have a menu installation CD.
Initially, the menu is in English, but not having much knowledge can understand the meaning of these words.
Management menu by using the keyboard, where the transition from one position to another menu by pressing the arrow keys do the “up” and “down” … and actually have to do further follow my instructions.
I do not choose the easy way out, so highlight the first menu item and click Install Enter … the way the second item is a graphical installation, it is comfortable and beautiful, but I’m used to pseudographics. I want to reassure you, nothing wrong with that …
More information about the boot menu in DEBIAN reference expects editing
Clicking Install in front of us there is a window select the national language.
Move the cursor by pressing the buttons on the keyboard (arrow “up” and “down”) choose Russian language. Select your language, click Enter.
The next step is to choose the location, in my case the Russian Federation
Next, choose the keyboard layout
Then comes the loading of additional components, it can be clearly seen
The next step for us is to configure the network in the field you must enter the name of the computer. The default is debian …
Move the cursor by pressing the keyboard «Tab» suggests “continue” and press Enter
in the network configuration you must specify the domain name, if not then leave the field empty
It’s time to configure user accounts, and first determine the root password
Once, in order to ensure the correct password is entered, you need to enter the root password again
You will now create a user account that will be used instead of the root account (root), to carry out all actions not related to system administration. First you need to enter in the user’s full name (in the screenshot user), for example, I install the system with your username so Bulat N. Umalatov
enter the name of the account
and enter a password for it
In order to verify the correctness of the password, you must enter a user password again
Then adjust the system time
Came an important moment, marking the program starts
And so we need to decide on the method of marking. I will describe the manual method, because I think this method is more interesting than automatic
Selecting manual mode marking in front of us will open a list of topics
In this picture is not displayed formatted hard drive … press Enter
And proceed to create a partition table
In this example, the amount of hard drive is 8 GB.
choose space and Enter
Choose to create a new partition
Sets the size of the new partition
Sets the type of partition “primary”
Opt for a place “beginning”
Then move on to setting up the partitions
More details about the file system:
1. I chose the file system ext4
2. The mount point of / (root)
a nice place uncovered the structure of the root directory
still here http://www-staging.debian.org/releases/ … 02.html.ru
setting the partition’s mount point and file system, click the “Settings section completed”
move toward the next section
Is allocated for the new partition 1 GB
And Partitioning for showing it as a swap partition
About swap http://debianadmin.ru/razbienie-zheskog … zdely.html
We turn to the creation of the last section of / home, I passed it separately, as in this section are user home directories. In case you reinstall your system, we will have to format the only section in which the property is located the system, namely the root directory, to be precise all that is mounted as /
give all the space that is left
Indicates the type of “logical”
indicate ext4 filesystem
The mount point / home
We verify configured partitions, if everything is correct then we choose the last item
and write changes to disk
and then begin installing the base system
is a minimal set of packages which are required for autonomous operation Debian.
During the installation process, we will be asked to indicate the way to switch between keyboard layouts
after configure the package manager
Using a mirror of the archives network
choose a country
and in fact the mirror itself
if there is information about the http-proxy fill
Next will be invited to participate in the survey of popularity (optional)
Now choose, do we need a graphical shell
Note the asterisk two points
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D1% … 0% BB% D0% B0
by default, on the first disc has only one desktop environment is GNOME.
It’s time to configure the boot loader
And here’s the installation is complete.
Reboot, BIOS settings Returns the primary boot device hard drive.
Choose a user enter his password
And in front of us there is the desktop GNOME.